In order to appreciate the importance and particularity of these two paintings, we think it is useful to go into the description of the techniques and history of Chinese painting.
These two beautiful paintings belong to the current of ''traditional'' Chinese painting, this style contrasts with the artistic styles of Western origin that became known in China between the nineteenth and twentieth century; we must specify that Chinese painting is considered one of the oldest artistic traditions in the world; the so-called ''traditional'' painting does not involve the use of oils, but is made through the techniques of calligraphy (art complementary to painting), using a brush dipped in black ink and colored pigments; Chinese painting assigns a very important role to the brush; the correct use of the brush is in a position perpendicular to the sheet, the strokes, which as in calligraphy cannot be erased, must be applied with the movement of the shoulder or elbow, but never with that of the fingers or wrist; there are different types of brush depending on the size, the type of hair used and the subject to be painted; the one with wolf hair to paint stones and plants, the ''white cloud'' to colour the surface of the painting and to paint water, the ''Yiwen'' to paint clothes, eyebrows and hair, the one with red hair to paint the landscape and the images in the background, the ''Guoxian'' used for the contours. The two paintings were made with one of the main techniques used by Chinese painting: Gongbi, which means ''meticulous'', characterized by extremely precise brushstrokes that create very accurate details, was used to tell figurative and narrative topics, using colors and was used by artists who worked for the royal court or in independent workshops. Throughout history, China has been the cradle of many religious and philosophical traditions; Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism constitute the so-called ''three doctrines'' or teachings, which have played an important role in shaping Chinese culture. Our paintings belong to the Buddhist tradition, in fact they represent sacred figures or deities, as they are represented with a halo around the head. The halo is an artistic element used in various cultures, as a form to indicate the sacredness and wisdom of a person or a god; in fact the halo of light, or better called ''nimbus'', is very popular in Indian art, as well as in Chinese art of Buddhist faith; in the paintings of the other two religious faiths, we do not find this pictorial element.
They were painted between 1770 and 1790 in China; the frames were made in recent times with gold painted wood. Measures each cm.122 x 80 x 3.