Celebrating its 150th anniversary, The MAK—Austrian Museum of Applied Arts / Contemporary Art—opened its doors in December with the current exhibition Ways to Modernism: Josef Hoffmann, Adolf Loos, and Their Impact, portraying the development of Viennese modernism and its ongoing resonance. On display are key works by modernist forerunners Theophil von Hansen and Otto Wagner, as well as pieces by modernist advocates like Josef Frank, Oskar Strnad, and Ernst Plischke, plus designs by postmodernist designers who drew on the legacy.
Especially interesting is the juxtaposition of the quite divergent ideals in architecture, design and art, that emerged from the industrialization and democratization of Austria. These are represented in the oeuvres of Josef Hoffmann and Adolf Loos. Hoffmann, co-founder of the Vienna Secession, understood architecture and design as modern art. As such, he composed fully fitted environments and sought the creation of a "Gesamtkunstwerk" (total works of art). Loos, on the other hand, believed that modern art was autonomous and seperated from everyday buildings and household items. Therefore he believed it to be his duty to provide architecture and functional designs that were the best means to an end, clearing space for the consumer's individuality.
Hoffmann's aesthetically elaborated and Loos' purely functional approaches were both spectacular at the time and formed important contributions to the direction and purpose of design in the 20th century and beyond.
The exhibition runs until April 19th, 2015. If you get the chance, you should definitely go so see this one!
More to Love
Bentwood Chair by Josef Hoffmann for Jacob & Joseph Kohn
Ceiling Light by Josef Hoffmann, 1900s
Bentwood Settee by Josef Hoffmann, 1900s
Armchair by Josef Hoffmann for J.& J. Kohn Wien, 1900s
Sitzmaschine Armchair by Josef Hoffmann for J.& J. Kohn, 1908
Model 561 Park Bench by Josef Hoffmann, 1900s
Fledermaus Chairs by Josef Hoffmann for Wittmann, 1980, Set of 4
Palais Stoclet Club Chairs by Josef Hoffman for Wittman, 1910, Set of 2
Cabaret Rug by Josef Hoffmann for Backhausen, 1970s
Chairs and Side Table Set by Josef Hoffmann, 1910
Chairs by Josef Hoffmann for Jakob & Josef Kohn, 1914, Set of 2
Austrian Stool by Josef Hoffmann for Cabaret Fledermaus
Barrel Chair by Josef Hoffmann, 1910s